Horticulture is a key player in specialty crops and agriculture. The industry generates one-third of both all specialty crop revenue (over $19 billion each year) and its workforce. However, the horticulture industry receives only 12% of federal funds earmarked for specialty crops from the USDA Agricultural Research Service and USDA’s Specialty Crop Research Initiative. The Horticultural Research Institute (HRI) recognized this disparity and sought a means to bring federal funding levels more in line with the industry’s economic contributions.
According to the HRI, the industry lacked a strategic vision of research needs to provide a road map for future priorities that can be used to better leverage federal funds while, at the same time, guide its own research funding decisions.
HRI set to work and created a professionally moderated, two-day stakeholder meeting, where attendees shared their collective understanding of industry challenges, trends and opportunities. Delegates representing all segments of horticulture and regions of the country gathered for a face-to-face summit to listen, learn and share their insights with each other. Participants were encouraged to expand their reach by engaging in conversations with their peers in advance of the meeting to widen their perspectives. During the summit, the moderator led the group through a series of discussions that culminated in a consensus on four, key research priorities.
Through these efforts, HRI identified research priorities to tackle the challenges, capitalize on the trends and opportunities, better direct research investments and leverage federal funding.
Quantifying plant benefits
Research that quantifies and validates the benefits of plants on ecosystems, on human health and on society creates value propositions that boosts sales of horticultural products and services and increases interest in horticultural careers.
Our industry benefits when society understands how plants contribute to the health and well-being of individuals and their ecosystems, as well as the resources plants produce that are often overlooked or taken for granted. New research regarding plant benefits needs to be aligned with industry priorities to maintain environmental horticulture at the forefront of providing sustainable green solutions for the world.
Creating innovative solutions
Research that creates or adapts biological, mechanical, and technological systems making practices and processes more efficient and productive assists horticultural businesses of all segments and sizes to increase profits.
Our industry continually needs improved systems to produce new or improved crops with less labor, water, nutrients, time, and/or pesticides in a safe work environment while adding value to quality plants that thrive during shipping, marketing, and consumer use. Whether in the supply chain, current inventory or on the road to end-users, crops and inputs need to be traced, evaluated, ordered, managed and/or improved upon to provide cost effective solutions for producers to integrate into existing production practices. This would include (but not be limited to) advances in plant breeding, crop production and protection, software, automation, mechanization, and logistics. Recognizing and addressing barriers to adoption will be crucial.
Gathering consumer insights
Research that evaluates consumer behavior, consumer preferences, and consumer trends empowers horticultural businesses to optimize products and services and leads to industry-wide profitability and growth.
Consumers are responsible for the health and prosperity of our industry. Therefore, producers need to understand ongoing changes in consumer demographics and behaviors. Examples include emerging market preferences, relative purchasing power, and general gardening confidence. Markets, consumers, and the products they desire interact and change over time. To adapt, industry producers need information that considers all this, yet is easily understandable and crafted for various segments of the industry. Research on consumer preferences, attitudes, needs, motivations and purchasing behaviors for our industry’s products and services will help companies make better business decisions by capturing what consumers want.
Producing practical and actionable solutions
Research that tackles ongoing and emergent industry challenges in production, resource management, or pest and disease management provides practical and actionable advice for horticultural businesses to improve sustainability and profitability.
Disruptive, ongoing, emergent issues that challenge short-term profitability and success of environmental horticulture will continue to rise. Therefore, providing solutions to these challenges must remain a research priority for funding agencies.
HRI has adopted these four key research priorities and will use them to guide future HRI funding and leveraging decisions. For more information, look for the Research Roadmap Executive Summary at www.hriresearch.org.
Authors: James Owen, Jr., Virginia Tech; Anthony LeBude, North Carolina State University; Jill Calabro, HRI; Jennifer Boldt, USDA-ARS; Jennifer Gray, HRI; and James Altland, USDA-ARS.